Question Answer
What are the four major causes of World War I? -Militarism-Alliance System-Imperialism-Nationalism
What is Nationalism? The belief that national interest and unity should be be more important than Global Cooperation and that a nation's global affairs should be guided by it's own self interest.
What is Imperialism? When a stronger nation takes over smaller nations.
What is Militarism? It's when you make armed forces and the use of armies for diplomacy.
What is the Alliance System? One nation helps another nation if it's attacking or defending against another country.
Who had the Strongest Army and why? Germany because they have solders to go at any time.
Who had the Strongest Navy and why? United Kingdom because they were on an island so they depended on their navy..
Who was in the Triple Entente? -Russia-France-Britain
Who was in the Triple Alliance? -Germany-Austria Hungary-Italy
What is propaganda? Information designed to influence opinion.
What did Britain have to do with America's participation with WW1? Britain made propaganda to influence America's opinion about the Germans and they cut the transatlantic cable from Europe so that only war news would come rom Britain.
What did Germany do to America's ships that made the U.S. go to war? Germany sunk U.S ships with submarines.
Why was the sinking of the ship Lusitania a reason the U.S. went to war? The sinking was caused by Germans and it killed 128 Americans which gave credibility to Britain propaganda and it changed American attitudes about the war.
Why was the Zimmerman telegram a reason the U.S. went to war? German Official Arthur Zimmerman sent a telegram to Mexico that it would help Mexico regain lost land which angered Americans.
What was the smoking gun incident? The assassination of Franz Ferdinand.
What was the purpose of the War Industries Board? A board that coordinates war materials.
What issues were changed under the food administration? It encouraged victory gardens in order to increase food production and reduce civilian consumption.
What issues were changed under the fuel administration? It made daylight saving time, shortened workweeks for civilian goods factories, and encouraged Heatless Mondays
What were the purpose of victory gardens? It was a garden made by civilians to conserve food for soldiers.
What were the actions of the National War Labor Board? They improved wages, adopted an eight-hour workday, and allowed unions the right to organize and bargain collectively
What changes happened for women during this time? Women got more opportunities such as factory, shipyard, railroad yards, police officers, mail carriers, and train engineers.
What was the Great Migration? It was the massive movement of African Americans moving North.
What was the purpose of the Committee on Public Information? To sell the war to the people.
What is espionage? Spying to acquire government information.
What was the purpose of the Espionage Act of 1917? It was to make aiding the enemy, giving false reports, or interfering with the war effort illegal.
What was the purpose of the Sedition Act of 1918? It was to make speaking against the war publicly illegal and giving the government the power to prosecute anybody who is criticizing the government.
What is a draft? It's when somebody randomly chooses someone for military services.
What is "no man's land"? A barren expanse of land marred by shell craters and filled with barbed wire entanglements.
What were some new weapons? Flamethrowers, grenades, machine guns, zeppelins, tanks, planes, poison gas, chlorine gas, and mustard gas.
What were the smells that were on the battlefield? -Rotting Carcasses-overflowing toilets-no bath in weeks or months-Smell of creosol or chloride of lime to prevent diseases
What is an Armistice? An agreement to stop fighting.
What time was the Armistice written? November 11 1918 at 11 a.m.
What is the 1st principle in the 14 points? That alliances has to be public and open.
What is the 2nd principle in the 14 points? That every nation has freedom of the seas
What is the 4th principle in the 14 points? Weapons will be reduced.
What is the 5th principle in the 14 points? Governments should let other Governments govern themselves.
What is the 8th principle in the 14 points? France will be freed and have Alsace-Lorraine restored.
What is the 14th principle in the 14 points? The formation of League of Nations.
What is self determination? The power to make decisions about one's future.
What was Wilson's vision on the relations with other nations? That all peaceful nations work together.
Who were the four major leaders? -Woodrew Wilson-David Lloyd George-Georges Clemenceau-Vittorio Orlando
What is Selective Service Act? An act that states that men 21-30 must register for the draft.
Why did Italy change sides? Germany was the aggressor and they would only help if it was a defensive war.
World War I

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