Question Answer
Somatic cell cell that makes up all of the body tissue and organs, except gametes
Gamete sex cell: egg or sperm cell
Homologous chromosome chromosomes that have the same length, appearance, and copies of genes, although the alleles might differ
autosome chromosome that contains genes for characteristics not directly related to the sex of an organism
sex chromosome chromosome that directly controls the development of sexual characteristics
sexual reproduction process by which two gametes fuse and offspring that are a genetic mixture of both parents are produced
fertilization fusion of an egg and sperm cell
diploid cell that has two copies of each chromosome, one from and egg and one from a sperm
haploid cell that has only one copy of each chromosome
meiosis form of nuclear division that divides a diploid cell into haploid cells; important in forming gametes for sexual reproduction
gametogenesis process by which gametes are produced through the combination of meiosis and other maturational changes
sperm male gamete
egg female gamete
polar body stop
trait
genetics
purebred
cross
law of segregation
gene
allele
homozygous
heterozygous
genome
genotype
phenotype
dominant
recessive
Punnet square
monohybrid cross
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