Question Answer
Nutrition team Carbohydrates ProteinVitamins Fats Minerals Water
Carbohydrates Nutrients made of carbon, hydrogen or oxygenMostly from plant foods such as _grains and dry beans vegetables and fruitsThe body’s main source of energy
Types of Carbs Complex and Simple
Complex Carbs Starches and Fiber_________Dry beans, dry peas and lentilsStarchy vegetables (corn, potatoes, green peas)Rice, grits, pasta, oatmealBread and cereals
Simple Carbs sugars _______Naturally part of some foods (fruits, vegetables, and milk)Candy, soft drinks, cookies, jams and jellies
Fats Perform several useful jobs in the bodySupply chemicals called essential fatty acids. Needed for healthy skin, healthy cells and other bodily functions.Fats transport vitamins.
Fats and what they do Fats keep food in your stomach longer so you don’t feel hungry as quickly.Body stores fat as a reserve supply of energy.Cushions vital organs
Cholesterol Fat like substance that helps the body carry out it’s many processesOur body makes all the cholesterol it needs
May also get cholesterol from food Found only in animal sourcesEgg yolks, meat, poultry, fish, & dairy products
Saturated fats Solid at room temperature Saturated fats Tend to raise amount of cholesterol in the bloodSaturated fats are present in all animal foods and in the tropical oils
Unsaturated fats Liquid at room temperature Found mainly in vegetable oils except the tropical oils. Help lower the amount of cholesterol in the blood if eaten instead of saturated fat ex olive oil
Hydrogenated Oil Oil that has been turned into a more solid fat. Trans fats raise the amount of cholesterol in the blood.ex:Margarine
Proteins proteins are substances that the body uses to build new cells and repair injured ones.Necessary for growth and to fight off disease.
Proteins are made up of amino acids how many are there? There are 22 amino acids.Of these the body can make 13.The other 9 are called essential amino acids because the body must get these from food.
Amino Acids Combine in different ways to make different proteins.Complete proteins.Contain all the essential amino acids in the right amountsIncomplete proteins Lack one or more of the essential amino acids.
Vitamins Chemical mixtures found in many types of foods
What are the two types of vitamins? ___Fat-soluble___Water-soluble
Fat-soluble Body stores extra fat soluble vitamins in liverIf stored amount get high – can harm body vitamins A,D,E and K_
Water Soluble can dissolve in water. Water-soluble vitamins are carried to the body's tissues but are not stored in the body. They are found in plant and animal foods or dietary supplements Vitamins: B vitamins ___ and _Vitamins__ C
Vitamin A Helps bones teeth and skin stay healthy, this is needed for good night vision food sources of this are dairy products egg yolks, and Yellow orange and dark green fruits and veggies
Vitamin D Helps build strong bones and teethAlso known as the sunlight” vitaminFood sourceSalmonFortified milkEgg yolks
Vitamin E Helps form red blood cellsHelps protect cells from damage by oxygenFood sourcesWhole grain breads and cerealsdark leafy__green veggiesDry beans and peasNuts and seedsVegetable oils
Vitamin C Helps fight infection and heal woundsHelps build and maintain a healthy bodyFood SourcesMany fruits and veggies
Vitamin K Needed for normal _blood clottingFood sourcesDark, leafy, green veggiesCauliflowerCabbageEgg yolks
B Vitamins (Thiamin, Riboflavin, Niacin, B6, B12, folate, pantothenic acid, and biotin Helps the body get energy from carbsHelps keep nerves and muscles healthy
Food Sources of Vitamin B Grain products__dark__,___leafy___green veggiesDairy productsMeat, poultry, fishEggs
Minerals Calcium Phosphorus. …Iron. …Zinc. …Sodium. …Selenium. …Potassium
Other needed minerals Copper__magnesium __SeleniumIodineManganeseChromium
Nutriton team Carbohydrates Protein Vitamins Fats Minerals Water
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