Question Answer
What was the “Comstock Lode?” Was struck in Nevada in 1859. It also contained one of the largest silver strikes ever discovered.
Describe the growth of a gold-mining “boomtown.” Developed around a site that attracted a large number of miners as merchants and traders set up businesses to supply the miners.
How did a “boomtown” become a “ghost town?” When gold/silver strike wound down, it became a “ghost town.”
Describe (3) problems that occurred in mining towns. -violence/lawlessness-pollution of streams and rivers-deforestation
What is a vigilante, and why would a vigilante be necessary? Self-appointed law officer, was necessary because boom towns grew so quickly there was no official law enforcers or local gov’t.
What is a transcontinental railroad? Transcontinental railroads span a continent.
What kinds of difficulties did Railroad Builders face? -difficult and dangerous work-low pay-death from snowstorms and avalanches
How did the growth of railroads change the West? The growth of the railroads caused the population of the West to grow. Territories became new states in the US
What are “longhorn” cattle? Were wild cattle that roamed the Great Plains. They were rounded up by ranchers and sent on cattle drives to market.
Describe a “cattle drive.” The movement of cattle herds hundreds of miles north to the cowtowns for sale. (20 years)
Why did “cowtowns” develop in the West? Where cattle were stored in cowpens until they were sold for shipment east.
What promises to Native Americans did the U.S. government break in the late 1800s? The U.S. government routinely violated the treaties it signed with Native American tribes.
What was one conflict between Native Americans and US Settlers When white miners discovered gold on the Sioux reservation in 1874, Sitting Bull led the Sioux War of 1876 in which General Custer & his entire regiment was defeated at the Battle of Little Bighorn with no survivors.
How did reformers try to help Native Americans during the late 1800s? They sought to help Native Americans by writing books and speaking out. Calls for reform resulted in passage of Dawes Act in 1887 (division of land into single farms for Native families
What were the terms of the Homestead Act? 160 acres plots of land were free under the Homestead Act if a family paid a small fee and successfully farmed in for 5 years.
What was the Oklahoma land rush? Native Americans living in Oklahoma were forced to sell their land by the US government which then announced that farmers could claim free homes. Thousands of settlers rushed to claim homes at the sound of gun shots on April 22, 1889 at the designated ti
Describe (3) problems faced by western farmers that were caused by the challenges of life on the Great Plains: Farmers on the Great Plains had to deal with dry climate, grass fires, grasshopper swarms, sod-busting and they lost money by overproducing crops
What was another conflict between Native Americans and US Settlers? Following General Custer's last stand, Sitting Bull was accidentally killed in 1890 when confronted by soldiers by continuing the "ghost dance" after it had been outlawed. Upset by his death, the Sioux fled the reservation and were killed.
Who were the "Railroad Builders"? railroad building companies, federal gov't (gave land & money), Mexican-American, African Americans, immigrant workers (Ireland & China)
Why did the Railroad Builders move west? to supply miners and settlers
What challenges did Railroad Builders face? backbreaking work, low pay, snowstorms, avalanches
What was the role of Railroad Builders in Western Development? facilitated increased supply and settlement of the west
Who were the "Miners"? silver & gold miners/business owners/Mexican & Chinese immigrants
Why did the Miners move west? to "get rich quick" or to run a business that supplies minersin a "boomtown"
What were the challenges that Miners faced? lawlessness & disorder, violence/informal vigilante crime fighting
What was the role of Miners in Western Development? tens of thousands of Americans formed permanent settlements in the west
Who were the "Ranchers and Cowhands"? Ranchers, cowhands, Texans, Mexican Americans, African Americans
Why did the Ranchers and Cowhands move west? cattle drives, herding and shipping cattle east provided beef to feed the growing American population
What were the challenges that Ranchers and Cowhands faced? low pay, exhausting and boring work, bad weather (dust storms, tornadoes), prairie dangers (rattlesnakes, prairie dogs)
What was the role of Ranchers and Cowhands in Western Development? "cow towns" sprang up along railroad lines, attracting businessmen and settlers
Who were "Settlers/Homesteaders"? easterners, immigrants, African-Americans, "exodusters"
Why did the settlers/homesteaders move west? free land as per the Homestead Act of 1862
What were the challenges the Settlers/Homesteaders faced? the soil and climate of the Great Plains was difficult -sodbusters: Great Plains farmers -sod houses: dried grass (sod) houses -when farmers produced surpluses, prices & profits dropped
What was the role of the Settlers/Homesteaders in Western Development? Pioneering men and women worked hard to adapt conditions.They survived and remained out west
SS Quiz #2-Hager Quiz on Westward Expansion

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