Question Answer
BOVINE Defense mechanisms Kicking- most commonCharging – most dangerousRunning awayHerd instinct
Characteristics of Passive Cattle Chewing cud, licking themselves, rubbing themselves, gentle mooing, gentle tail swishing
Characteristics of Nervous Cattle trying to run away, excited charging back and forth, fighting restraint mechanisms
Characteristics of aggressive Cattle raised erect head, bellowing, pawing, head shaking, snorting, quivering head and glassy eyes
BOVINE TPR Temp: 37.5 – 39.5*CPulse: 40-60 Bpm (Heart is left side behind elbow, or coccygeal artery on the underside of tail.)Resp: 12-16 rpmAuscultation : 3 contractions every 2 mins ( place stethoscope at par lumbar fascia, strong audible noise)
BOVINE Intravenous Jugular : Most common, large volumesMammary vein: avoid if at all possibleCoccygeal vein: infuse small amounts of fluid located on the underside of the tail
BOVINE Intramuscular gluteal muscles, between the hip bone and pin bone. neck muscle may also be used
BOVINE SubQ OVER the scapula or just cranial to the scapula
BOVINE Restraint methods Tail Jack: overall general restraint method, does not prevent kicking but will be less effective.Bull nose lead: (Humbug) Placed in cattles nose to apply preasure to the septal cartilage for restraint.Stanchion: Uses a cows hearding instinct
BOVINE castration Emasculatome: pinching action. Crushing testicular vessels and nerves. (CLOSED costration)Emasculator: Crushing and cutting action Incision left open to drain (OPEN castration)
Dehorning BOVINE Dehorning gouge: dehorns weanling animals, gouges out below the base of the horn.Electric Dehorner: de horns younger animals cauterizes at the base.Keystone Dehorner: Dehorns mature animals cuts above the base of the horn.
Frick Speculum Stainless steel tube, a pass through for stomach tubesand giving boluses and magnets.
Frick Speculum with stomach tube used to relieve forms of bloat, gas released when tube enters rumen. used to administer anti-foaming agents.
Magnets Bovine Ensures "hardware " stays in reticulum. do not come out until death.
Balling Gun Bovine Used to administer magnets or other oral meds.
Injection pump Bovine Used to administer large liquid amounts, also pumps out rumen contents
Calf Weaner Worn in nose of calf to prevent it from sucking, able to bunk feed and drink.
Canine Rules of Thumb Never allow owner to restrainwork confidently and slowlybe familiar with body language
What are the three temperaments of Canine? Friendly: approaches tail waggingNervous: approach with caution. usually trembles, cowers in corner, urinates. Hostile: obviously dangerous. bites with little to no warning, head held low between shoulders. don't make eye contact
Canine Nevers NEVER: give direct eye contactapproach from the front, turn sidewaysreach toward or over dogs head/necklean forward over dogs body
Lifting/ Carrying CANINE Small Dogs: Grasp either side of thorax behind elbowsMedium: put arms around them( arms infront of chest and behind rump)Large: two people , both one one side one person grabs forequartes other hindquarters both support abdomen
CANINE Intravenous Jugular: blood collection, indwelling catheters (2nd resort), injections (last resort) Cephalic: blood collection, best for injections and indwelling catheters Saphenous: blood collection, injections, difficult to catheterize but can be used
CANINE Intramuscular IM, Biceps femoris, gluteal
CANINE SubQ under the skin over scapula or over hind leg muscle
Canine muzzles Leather: sturdy, durable, quick, but difficult to disinfect, expensive, unable to drink, eat, or pant.Cage: sturdy, durable, little supervision, able to drink, eat and pant. but expensive and takes timeNylon: easy to disinfect, inexpensive but flimsy
CANINE E-Collar Elizabethan collar, mobility limiting device, also called buster collar. used after surgery to prevent licking/chewing, must fit properly. comes in various sizes, animal is able to eat drink and sleep.
PE CANINE TPRTemperamentOphthalmicOticOralCutaneousCardiovascularMusculoskeletalGenitalNeurological
CANINE TPR Temp: 37.5-39.5 *CPulse: Young 110-220bpm Lrg adult: 60-160 bpm sm adult: 80-180bpm Use the femoral artery (caudal to the femur) or heart beatResp: 10-30rpm at rest NOT sleeping
CANINE MM Pink= normalpale: anemia. shockblue: lack of oxygenwhite: shockBrick red: sepsis, fever, early shock
CANINE CRT 1-2 seconds
CANINE Nail trimming avoid cutting too short, avoid the quick. use a coagulent to stop the bleeding like quikstop or silver nitrate sticks
EQUINE Behaviour Normal: head exended, ears forward, rub with head, relaxed body, calm quiet eyesNervous: pull back, shy, body rigid, tense, trembling, dilated pupils, whites showing, ears flick back and forthAggressive: bare teeth, nip, bite, charging, kicking,squeal
Hoof Care Daily cleaning, monthly or bi monthly trimming, regular shoeing corrective trimming, pick heal to toe.
EQUINE Bandaging Protects from injury, supports limbs, protects the injury/wounds, covers medications, usualy 2 layers 3 if wound, 1 inch cotton above and below wrap to prevent cording
EQUINE TPR: Temp: Adult: 37.3-38.6 foal: 37.7 -39.0 *CPulse: Adults: 36-42 bpm Foal: Varies with ageResp: 8-16 rpm 12 is average
Intravenous: EQUINE Jugular: injections, indwelling catheters lateral thoracic cephalic saphenous
Intramuscular EQUINE Semimem / Semiten (back of leg)Brachiocephalicus (neck)Pectoral muscles (chest)
Equine SubQ Over Scapula or more un commonly over the brachiocephalicus muscle
FELINE Restraint minimal: non-manipulative, physical restrain scruffingIntermediate restraints: stretching/lateral recumbencysternal recumbency, dorsal recumbency, wrapping, cat bag
FELINE Intravenous Jugular: Blood collection, indwelling catheter Cephalic: indwelling catheter, blood collectionFemoral: Blood collectionSaphenous: not common to use
FELINE TPR: Temp 38-39.5 *CPulse: 110-240 bpmResp: 20-30rpm
Pre Lab VOA Ridgetown Campus VOA Pre lab test #1

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *