Term Definition
Nail Care the nursing care involved to promote clean, neat, attractive nails and prevent skin lesions
neglect an impairment in sensory and motor response, mental representation and spatial attention of the body and the corresponding environment characterized by inattention to one side of the body
negligence omission of a duty that a prudent person would have fulfilled
non-contagious not easily passed from one person to another by direct or indirect contact
non-verbal communication transmission of a message without the use of words
NPO abb for nothing by mouth
nursing assistants role the duties of a person trained in basic nursing techniques and direct patient care who practices under the supervision of a registered or licensed practical nurse
nutrients a chemical substance that provides nourishment and affects the nutritive and metabolic processes of the body
nutrition taking in of nutrients and their assimilation and use for proper body functioning and maintenance of health
objective clinical finding that is observed
observation the act of watching carefully and attentively
ombudsman a person who investigates and mediates patient problems and complaints
open-ended questions A question which cannot be answered with a simple "yes" or "no",
oral care nursing care given to the mouth to promote hygiene, mucus membrane care, and good breath
oral hygiene practice of maintaining the tissues and structures of the mouth
oral temperature body temperature as recorded by a clinical thermometer being placed in the mouth under the tongue
orientation the awareness of one's physical environment with regard to time, place and the identity of other people
osteoporosis disorder characterized by abnormal loss of bone density and deterioration of bone tissue
output the total of any and all liquid measurable liquids lost from the body
overbed table a narrow rectangular table designed especially for hospital patients that spans the bed and is typically fitted with casters and a crank for adjusting the height and tilting the top.
oxygen a tasteless, odorless, colorless gas essential for human respiration
oxygen concentrator a device that delivers oxygen by taking room air and condensing the oxygen gas within the machine and deliverable to the patient through a nasal cannula or mask
pain unpleasant sensation caused by noxious stimulation of the sensory nerve endings
palliative care therapy designed to relieve or reduce intensity of uncomfortable symptoms but not to produce a cure
paralysis the loss of muscle function sensation or both
Parkinson's slowly progressive degenerative neurologic disorder characterized by resting tremor, pill rolling of the fingers , a masklike face, shuffling gait and forward flexion of the trunk
PASS abbreviation Pull Pin Aim Squeeze and spray
passive accepting or allowing what happens or what others do, without active response or resistance:
pathogen any microorganism capable of of of producing disease
patience the capacity to accept or tolerate delay, trouble, or suffering without getting angry or upset:
perineal care nursing measure which promotes
personal items a residents own items not to be shared with others
phone ettiquette set of rules that apply when people make calls to others or when they are receiving a phone call.
physical needs According to Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs, a physical need is something critical to the survival to the survival of the human body.
physicians authority the ultimate decision for patient care comes from this discipline of medical doctor (example the order for restraints)
policy book a principle or guideline that covers activities in a facility and that employees are expected to follow
positioning putting or setting in place one of the many postures of the body
PPE Abbreviation for personal protective equipment
pressure ulcer an inflammation, sore or ulcer in the skin over a boney prominence
preventing injury precautions put in place to prevent an unwanted event (such as a burn from hot water)
privacy one's personal responsibility to others to regulate behavior that is regarded intrusive
progressive describing the course of a disease or condition in which the signs and symptoms become more prominent and severe
promoting independence encouragement to perform tasks themselves to their ability
pronation rotation of the forearm so that the palm of the hand faces down
prostate gland surrounds the neck of the bladder in men and produces a fluid that becomes part of the semen
prosthesis an artificial replacement for a missing body part
prosthetic device the design, construction and attachment of artificial systems to assume the function of missing body parts
psychological needs needs such as such as confidence, achievement and morality are on a high level of human needs,
pulse the regular recurrent expansion and contraction of an artery, produced by waves of pressure caused by the ejection of blood from the left ventricle of the heart as it contracts
NATP terms/Abb N-P NATP N through P

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