Question Answer
Sumerian rulers who led government and religion Kings
Area of good farmland stretching from the Persian Gulf to the Medterranean Sea Fertile Crescent
System which brings water to where it is needed Irrigation
Belief in many gods Polytheism
Main building materials of ancient Mesopotamia Clay/mud
Act of trading one good for another without the use of currency Barter
Rule in which power is passed from parent to child Hereditary
An independent city with its own god, ruler and army and its surrounding countryside City-state
Person who has been taught to read and write Scribe
Babylonian ruler who created single law code Hammurabi
Sumerian system of wedge shaped writing Cuneiform
Skilled worker who produces goods for sale such as pottery and textiles Artisan
Temple where the people of Mesopotamia believed their patron god lived Ziggurat
Raised areas of soil meant to hold back flooding rivers Levee
Unified system of rules Law code
Place with organized government, religion, cities and written records Civilization
Land between the Tigris and Euphrates Mesopotamia
Seven features of civilization, Be sure that you review your notes so that you can apply the seven features of civilization to Mesopotamia. Physical EnvironmentOrganized GovernmentEconomicsSocial ClassesCultural DevelopmentsReligions and ValuesScience and Technology
Necessary ingredients to create a civilization Fresh water, fertile soil which lead to the growth of cities
Contributions of the people of Mesopotamia Writing, laws, wheel, plow, sailboat, 12 month calendar, number system based on 60 (minutes, seconds, degrees)
Epic of Gilgamesh Great story about a half man/half god ruler who embarks on adventures and learns to live his life with kindness and purpose
Hanging Gardens of Babylon Beautiful hanging gardens built by NebuchadnezzarAg to comfort his homesick wife. One of the ancient wonders of the world.
Agriculture Farming
Surplus More than you need
Nobles, Craftsmen, Farmers, Slaves Four groupings of social classes. Nobles – King, priests, landowners high government officials and military leaders. Craftsmen – merchants, traders artisans, scribes and soldiers. Farmers – farmers/fishermen. Lowest social level is slaves.
Silt Material (mud/plant material) washed down from nearby mountains that covered the river valley making the area very fertile.
Taxes Goods, services collected by the government to fund building projects such as ziggurat and irrigation systems. Also funds defense of city-state
Mesopotamia Ancient Mesopotamia

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