Question Answer
Dys- abnormal; difficult; painful
Phag/o- eating; swallowing
-ia condition; state; thing
Dysphagia difficult or painful eating or swallowing
Colon/o- colon
-scope instrument
Colonoscope instrument used to examine the colon
Hepat/o liver
-megaly enlarged
Hepatomegaly enlarged liver
Gloss/o- tongue
-itis infection of; inflammation of
Glossitis infection or inflammation of the tongue
Epiglottis a flap of cartilage at the root of the tongue, which is depressed during swallowing to cover the opening of the windpipe
Cardia upper region of the stomach
Intussuscept/o- receive within
-ion action or condition
Intussusception the intestine fold back on itself
Hepat/o- liver
-cyte cell
Hepatocyte liver cells that produce bile
Jaund/o- yellow
-ice quality or state
Jaundice yellowing of the skin and whites of eyes; caused by the build up of bile pigments
Hemat/o- blood
-emisis vomiting
Hematemesis vomiting blood because of bleeding in stomach or esophagus
Cholecyst/o- gallbladder
-itis infection of; inflammation of
Liver largest organ in GI system; accessory organ; right side of body; secretes bile and causes important changes in many of the substances contained in the blood
Gallbladder(cholecyst/o-) teardrop shaped; dark green sac posterior to liver; concentrates and stores bile
What is the direction of travel for food to waste? oral cavity–> esophagus–>stomach–>small intestine–>large intestine–>rectum–>anus
Small intestine chief site of the absorption of digested nutrients; lies between the stomach and colon
Parts of small intestine duodenum–>jejunum–>ilium
Large intestine resorption of water and the formation of feces
Parts of large intestine cecum–>colon(ascending, transverse, descending, sigmoid)–>rectum
Stomach large elongated sac located upper abdominal cavity; receives food from esophagus
Parts of stomach cardia–>fundus–>body–>pylorus
Hepatitis inflammation of the liver; disease
Colonoscopy examination of the colon with an insturment
Auscult/o- listening
-ation being; having; process
Auscultation/ stethoscope procedure that listens to breath sounds
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD) chronic typically irreversible airway obstruction resulting in a slowed rate of exhalation
Thoracic cavity cavity that lies above the diaphragm; contains the heart, lungs, trachea, esophagus
Dys- difficult
Pnea/o- breath
Dyspnea difficult, labored or painful breathing due to lung disease
Breathing the action of inhaling oxygen and exhaling carbon dioxide
Pneumon/o- lung
Pneumonia infection of some or all lobes of the lungs
Aspiration pneumonia caused by foreign matter inhaled
Bacterial pneumonia caused by bacteria
Broncho pneumonia affects bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli
Lobar pneumonia affects part or all of just one lobe
Pneumococcal pneumonia acute pneumonia caused by streptococcus
Pneumocystic jiroveci severe; caused by fungus
Viral pneumonia caused by virus
Walking pneumonia usually mild pneumonia caused by a bacterium
Squamous cell carcinoma cancer; usually occurs in areas of the body exposed to strong sunlight over a period of many years
Adenocarcinoma cancer that begins in cells in the glands
Large cell carcinoma cancer usually arising in the bronchi and composed of large undifferentiated cells
Small cell carcinoma(oat cell) highly malignant form that affects the lungs, tends to metastasize to other parts of the body
Bronchodilators dilate constricted airways by relaxing the smooth muscles that surround bronchioles
Mastic/o- chewing
Mastication the process of chewing
Atrium small upper chamber of the heart
Ventricle large lower chambers of the heart
Septum a central wall that divides heart into right and left
Apex lowest tip of the heart
Tricuspid valve situated at the opening of the right atrium of the heart into the right ventricle
Pulmonary valve consisting of three semilunar cusps separating the pulmonary trunk from the right ventricle
Mitral valve guards the opening between the left atrium and the left ventricle; prevents the blood in the ventricle from returning to the atrium
Aortic valve semilunar valve separating the aorta from the left ventricle that prevents blood from flowing back into the left ventricle
Blood flow from the body blood low in oxygen come into the heart via the superior and inferior vena cava, then to the right atrium–>through the tricuspid valve to the right ventricle through the pulmonic valve to the pulmonary artery to the lungs
Blood flow from the lungs oxygenated blood from lungs go into heart via the pulmonary veins. blood comes into the left atrium, goes through mitral valve, into left ventricle then through aortic valve, into aorta to upper and lower body
Leuk/o- white; colorless;
-cyte cell
Leukocytes white blood cells; includes neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils, lymphocytes, monocytes
Eosinophils white blood cells that release chemicals to destroy foreign cells
Medical Terminology

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