Term Definition
Evaporation Takes place when water from the oceans and the surface changes into water vapor. Energy from the sun causes evaporation. Water gains energy during evaporation.
Water cycle The continuous movement of water from the ocean to the atmosphere to the land and back to ocean
Condensation Takes place when water vapor cools and changes into water droplets that form clouds in the atmosphere. Water loses energy during condensation
Precipitation Is rain, snow, sleet, or hail that falls from clouds onto the earths land and oceans
Transpiration Is where plants release water vapor into the air
Runoff Is precipitation that flows over land into streams and rivers. This water layer enters oceans
Percolation Is the down movement of water through pores and other spaces in soil due to gravity
Groundwater Not only is and important resource but also plays and important role in erosion and deposition
Water table The upper surface of underground water; the upper boundary of the zone of saturation
Aquifer a body of rock or sediment that stores groundwater and allows the flow of groundwater
Porosity The percentage of the total volume of a rock or sediment that consists of open space
Permeability
Impermeable
Artesian
Well
Zone of aeration
Zone of saturation
The ability of a rock or sediment to let fluids pass through its open spaces, or pores
A rock that stops the flow of water
A spring whose water flows from a crack in the cap rock over the aquifer
Rain fall passes through the upper zone , called the zone of aeration
Farther down the water collects in an area called the zone saturation
A spring whose water flows from a crack in the cap rock over the aquifer
Rain fall passes through the upper zone , called the zone of aeration
Farther down the water collects in an area called the zone saturation
Fresh water

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *