Term Definition
geocentric theory the theory that the earth is the center of the universe and the sun, moon, and planets revolve around earth
Scientific Revolution the posting and testing of theorys about the natural world began in mid 1500s in europe
scientific Method Five step process used to investigate scientific hypothese
Rene Descartes French scholar who used reason logic and math to prove basic truths
Nicoluas copernicus Polish Astronomer who recognized the inaccuracy of the geocentric theory his complete model of the solar system supported the heliocentric theory
Heliocentric theory the theory that the sun is near the center of the universe and the earth rotates around the sun
Galileo Galiliei Italian astronomer who built the first telescope and published a book that supported Galileo's heliocentric theory
Isaac newton English scientist, developed the universal laws of gravity and motion
Enlightenment The time during which philosophers emphasized the use of reason to understand truth, also known as the age of Reason
Salons Social gatherings in which artistes, writers and thinkers discussed their ideas
Social contract the arrangement between individuals and their government : people five up some of their personal freedoms in exchange if order peace and safety
John Locke Political philosopher whose ideas about government later influenced the writers of the constitution
Jean Jacques Rosseau thinker who believed people were naturally good but society corrupts
Baron de montesquieu Writer who argued in the favor of sepration of power and checks and balances in goverment
Philosophes French term for philosophers of the enlightenment
Voltaire Witty French writer who supported justices,liberty and religious tolerance
Enlightened Despots rulers inspired by Enlightenment ideas to make social reforms
Enlightment & Revolu tion

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