Question Answer
geocebtric theory the theory that earth is the center of the universe and the sun and the moon and planets revolve around the earth
scientific revolution the posing and testing about the natural world that began in the mid 1500s in europe
scientific method a five step process used to investigate scientific hypotheses
rene descartes french scholar who used reason logic and math the prove basic truths
nicolause copernicus polish astronomer who realized the inaccurcy of the geocentric theory his complete model of the solar system supported the heliocentric theory
heliocentric theory the theory that the sun is near the center of the universe and the earth revolves around it
galileo galilei italian astronomer who built the first telescope and published a book that supported galileos heliocentric theory and stood trial for heresy
isaac newton english scientist developed the universal laws of gravity and motion
enlightenment the time during which philosophers emphasized the ise of reason to understand the truth also known as the age of reason
salons social gathering at which writers artists and thinkers discussed there ideas
social contract the arrangment between individuals and there government people give up some of there personel freedoms in exchange for order peace and safety
john locke political philosopher whose ideas about government later influenced the writers of the constitution
jean jacques rousseau thinker who believed people were naturally good but that society corrupts
baron de montesquieu writer who argued in favor of seperation of power and checks and balances in government
philosophes french term for the philosophers of enlightenment
voltair witty french writer who supported justice liberty and religious tolerance
enlightened despots rulers inspired by enlightenment ideas to make social reforms
chpt 19

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