Term Definition
Organic contain both carbon & hydrogenex:. C6H12O6 (sugar)
Inorganic does not contain both carbon & hydrogenex:H2O
Covalent bond strong bond, electrons are shared
Polar Covalent bond covalent bond that has electrons shared unequally
Hydrogen bond weak bond, connect molecules (water) to each other
Cohesion water sticks to (connects) itself (because of hydrogen bonds)
Adhesion water sticks to something elseex: water sticking to a leaf
Surface Tension ability of objects to float on hydrogen due to the top layer of hydrogen bonding itselfex: snake gliding on H2O, leaf floating on H2O
Capillary Action ability of H2O to go up a small tube against gravity ex: in plants
Carbohydrates main source of short term energy, made up of sugar
Monosaccharide one unit of sugarex: glucose, fructose, galactose
GlucoseFructoseGalactose examples of simple sugar (monosaccharide)C6H12O6
Disaccharides 2 simple sugarsex: lactose, sucrose
Lactose is a glucose + galactose
Sucrose is a glucose + fructose
Polysaccharide a chain of monosaccharides ex: starch, glycogen, chitin, cellulose
Amino Acid a subunit of a protein
Starch in plants
Cellulose plant cell walls
Glycogen in animals
Chitin shell of lobsters
Chemistry Chemistry of Living Things

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