Term Definition
Bedouins Nomadic Arab people who lived in bands in the arabian peninsula's deserts
Muhammad Founder of Islam
Hegira Muhammad's journey from Mecca to Medina
Islam religion founded by muhammad
Muslims Followers of Islam
Qur'an Sacred texts of Islam, considered allah's direct revelation
Five pillars of Islam Obligation required by all muslims
Mosque name of building where Muslims worship
Jihad word that can be translated as stuggle
abu baker successor to muhammad as leader of Islam`
CAliphs the tittle givin to leader of Islam
Caliphate area run by caliphate
Umayyad a powerful clan from mecca whose struggle to regain control
sunnis Muslim who accepted the Umayyed Caliph
Shia a group within muhammad's cousin Ali, who refused to accept the Umayyed Caliph
Sufis a group within islam that seeks a mystical, personal connection to god
Abbasid family that ruled islam after Umayyed lost control
Harun al- Rashid most prominent abbasid caliph, helped Muslims culture reach greatness
Ibn Rushd Muslim scholar who writings on the relationships between reason and faith influenced Muslim, Christian, abd Jewish thinking into the 1400s
Ibn Sina Persian doctor who was a famous medical scholar, also contributed to the fields of logic, music and psychology
Ibn Khaldun Muslim scholar who wrote a histor of the world in the 1300s
calligraphy beautifully styled writing that is a distinctive feature of the ISlamic art
Minarets Tall towers found on mosques from which the faithful were called to prayer
Rumi Poet, Sufi Mystic, and founder of an order known as the WHirling Dervishes
Omar Khayyan author of a collection of four- line poems called the The Rubauyat
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