Term Definition
Second Continental Congress A meeting or convention with delegates from all thirteen colonies that met in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. They met to find a solution to their troubles with Britain.
Continental Army A army made up of troops from all the colonies.
George Washington George Washington lead the Continental Army. After the Battle of Bunker Hill he also tricked the British into thinking that they had lots of gunpowder, even though they didn't, so that they would not have to fight the British.
Battle of Bunker Hill Militiamen led by Israel Putnam fortified Bunker Hill and Breeds Hill digging a fort on top of Breeds Hill. The British made to attack but every time they went up the hill they were shot down. The British won because the militiamen ran out of supplies.
Impose To force something unfamiliar on to someone or something.
Independence Most colonists did not really want to be free of Britain
Policies Rules or standards that are put in place. The colonists did not like the policies that were put in place by the British.
Olive Branch Petition The Second Continental Congress sent a petition to the King asking him to consider their rights and to end their disagreements. It''s an Olive Branch because it was a symbol of peace from the colonists.
Thomas Paine Since colonists still didn't want to be independent, Thomas Paine wrote a pamphlet called Common Sense. He believed that colonists had to either "be independent or be slaves."
Common Sense Thomas Paine wrote Common Sense, a pamphlet, to show people that they had no loyalties to the King and that Americans had not benefited from their relationship with Britain. The 12,000 copies sold convinced many people on the idea of independence.
Declaration of Independece The Second Continental Congress got together to write a document showing everyone why they should be independent from the King. It was called the Declaration of Independence.
Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson was on the drafting committee in the congress and he was assigned to write a draft of it. Many changes were later made to his original declaration.
Natural Rights Thomas Jefferson based his draft on natural rights, which are the rights that everyone is born with, they are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness.
Fundamental Rights The draft of the Declaration was also based on fundamental rights, or the rights the government gives you.
Independence Day On July 4, 1776 the continental Congress signed a final version of the Declaration of Independence, and it is still celebrated today as Independence day. (The congress voted on independence on July 2, but revisions were made to the draft.)
Patrick Henry He was a member of both Continental Congresses as a delegate from Virginia. He is known for his famous words, "Give me liberty, or give me death!"
Preamble of Declaration of Independence The preamble talks about the natural and fundamental rights of all men. It states how the power to govern comes from te people, and all people are born with the rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
Chapter 6 Vocab

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