Question Answer
cell theory all organisms are made of cells all existing cells are produced by other living things the cell is the most basic unit of life
cytoplasm is a jellylike substance that contains dissolved molecular building blocks such as proteins nucleic acids minerals and ions
organelle which are structures specialized to perform distinct processes within a cell
prokaryotic cell do not have a nucleus or other membrane bound organelles
eukaryotic cell have a nucleus and other membrane bound organelles
cytoskeleton which is a flexible network of proteins that provide structural support for the cell
nucleus is the storehouse for most of the genetic or DNA in your cells
endoplasmic reticulum is an interconnected network of thin folded membranes
ribosome tiny organelles that link amino acids together
Golgi apparatus consist of closely layered stacks of membrane-enclosed spaces that process sort and deliver proteins
vesicle are a general name used to describe small membrane-bound sacs that divide some materials from the rest of the cytoplasm and transport these materials from place to place
mitochondrion supply energy to the cell
vacuole is a fluid filled sac used for storage materials needed by a cell
lysosome are membrane bound organelles that contain enzymes
centriole are cylinder shaped organelles made of short microtubules arranged in a circle
cell wall which is a rigid layer that gives protection support and shape to the cell
chloroplast are organelles that carry out photosynthesis a series of complex chemical reactions that convert solar energy into energyrich molecules that cells can use
cell membrane or the plasma membrane forms a boundary between a cell and the outside environment and controls the passage of material into and out of a cell
phospholipid is a molecule composed of a charged phosphate group glycerol and two fatty acid chain
fluid mosaic model which describes the arrangement of the molecules that make up a cell membrane and is flexible not rigid and
selective permeability which means it allows some but not all materials ot cross
receptor is a protein that detects a signal molecule and performs an action response
Chapter 3 bio trms

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