Term Definition
Geocentric theory the theory that earth is the center of the universe and the sun moon and planets revolve around earth
Scientific Revolution the posing and testing of theories about the natural world hat began in the mid 1500s in europe
Scientific Method a five step process used to investigate scientific hypotheses
Rene Descartes french scholar who used reason logic and math to prove basic truths
Nicolaus Copernicus polish astronomer who recognized the inaccuracy of the geocentric theory his complete model of the solar system supported the heliocentric theory
Heliocentric theory the theory that the sun is near the center of the universe and the earth rotates around the sun
Galileo Galiei Italian astronomer who built the first telescope and published a book that supported Galileos heliocentric theory
Isaac Newton English scientist developed the universal laws of gravity and motion
Enlightenment the time during which phliosophers emphasized the use of reason to understand truth also known as the age of reason
salons social gathering at which writers artists and thinkers discussed their ideas
social contreact the arrangement between individuals and their government people give up some of their personal freedoms in exchange for order peace and safety
John Locke political philosopher whose ideas about the government later influenced the writers of the constitution
jean jacques Rousseau thinker who believed people were naturally good but that society corrupts
baron de montesquieu writer who argued in favor of separation of power and checks and balances in government
philosphes french term for the philosphers of the enlightenment
Voltarie witty french writer who supported justice liberty and religious tolerance
Enlightened despots Rulers inspired be Enlightenment ideas ti make social reforms
chapter 19

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