Question Answer
Charlemagne King of Franks from 768 to 814; he united much of France, Germany and northern Italy in one Frankish empire; crowned Emperor of the Roman people in 800
Papal States a region in central Italy ruled by the pope.
Counts officials chosen by Charlemagne to rule parts of his empire in his name.
Navigation planning a course of travel, such as the Vikings crossing the sea.
Leif Eriksson Viking who led settlers to the eastern shores of what is now Canada.
Knights highly skilled soldiers who fought on horseback.
Fief land given to a knight in exchange for his services
Vassal a person who accepts a fief from a lord
Feudal System the political and social of exchanging land for service
Fealty a knight? s loyalty to the lord who gives him land
Manorial System an economic system built around large estates called manors
Serfs people who were legally tied to a manor on which they worked
Alfred the Great King of Wessex from 871 to 899; he defeated Danish invaders and united Anglo Saxon England under his control. He complied a code of laws and promoted learning.
William the Conqueror Duke of Normandy, conquered England in 1066
Domesday Book the record of William? s survey of England's people and their property
Eleanor of Aquitaine Powerful French duchess; divorced the king of France to marry Henry II of England and ruled all of England and about half of France with Him.
Magna Carta document that restricted the king of England?s power, constricted to be the first step toward democracy in England
Parliament governing body that was the result of the King? s council in the 1260s and which still makes England? s laws today
Hugh Capet first ruler from the Capetian dynasty that ruled and expanded France
Otto the Great Saxon duke who became emperor of the Holy Roman Emperor in the early 900s
Reconquista Christian leaders' effort to retake Iberian peninsula from then Moors
Piety a person?s level of devotion to a religon
Pontificate term of office of a particular pope
Pope Gregory VII pope who excommunicated Henry IV , showing that a pope could stand up to an emperor
Henry IV Holy Roman Emperor who clashed with Pope Gregory VII in 1705
Chapter 13

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