word def
geocentric theory the theory that the earth is the center of the universe and the sun , moon , and the panets that revolve around the earth
scientific revolution the posing and testing of theories of the natural world that began in the mid- 1500s
scientific method a five step process used to investigate the scientific hypothesis
rene descartes a fench scholar that used reason – logic and math – to prove basic truths
nicolaus copernicus polish astronomer who recognized the innacuracy of the geocentric theory his model of the solar syatem supported the helocentric theory
heliocentric theory the theory that the sun is near the center of the universe and the earth rotates around the sun
galileo galilei italian astronome who built the first telescope and published a book that supported heliocentrics thoery ; his complete and stood trial for heresy
isaac newton developed the universal laws of gravity and motion
enlightment the time during wich the philosopher emphasized the use of reason to understand truth s
salons social gatherings at wich writers, artist , and thinkers discussed their ideas
social contracts the arrangement inbetween individuals and there goverment : people give up some of their personal freedoms in exchange for order , peace , and saftey
john locke political philosopher whose ideas about goverments later influenced the writers of the constitution
jean jacques rousseau thinker who beleived that people were naturally good but that society corrupts
baron de montesquieu writer who aruged in favor of seperation of power and checks and balances
philosphes french term for the philospers of the enlightnment
voltaire witty french writer who supported justice , liberty , and religous tolerance
enlightened despots rulers inspired by enlightenment ideas to make social reforms
chapt 19

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