Term Definition
Charlemagne king of france, also crowned emperor of the roman people in 800
papal states a region in central italy ruled by the pope
counts officials chosen by Charlemagne to rule parts of his empire
navigation planning a course of travel, such as the vikings crossing the sea
sagas long Icelandic stories about great heroes and events
leif eriksson viking who lead settelers to the eastern shores of what is now canada
knights highly skilled soldiers who fought on horseback
feif land given to a knight in exchange for his services
vassal a person who accepts a feif from a lord
feudal system the political and social system of exchanging land for services
fealty a knights loyalty to the lord who gives him land
manorial system an economic system built around large estates called manors
serfs people who were legally tied to the manor on which they worked
alfred the great first king of the united England and who drove out the vikings
william the conqueror duke of Normandy, conquered England in 1066
domesday book the record of Williams survey of England people and their property
eleanor of aquitaine powerful french duchess; divorced the king of France to marry henry ll of england and ruled all of england and about half of France
magna carta document that restricted the kking of englands power, considered to be the first step toward democracy in england
parliament governing body that was the result of the kings council in the 1260 and which still makes england laws today
hugh capet first ruler from the capetian dynasty that ruled and expanded france
otto th great saxon duke who became emperor of the holy roman emperor in the early 900s
reconquista christian leaders effort to retake the lebrian peninsula
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