Term Definition
Somatic Cell aka body cells, make up most of your tissues and organs.
Gamete sex cells – ova, or eggs, in the female, and spermatozoa, or sperm cells, in the male.
Homologous Chromosome two chromosomes – one inherited from the mother, one from the father – that have the same length and general appearance.
Autosome chromosomes that contain genes for characteristics not directly related to the sex of an organism.
Sex Chromosome control the development of sexual characteristics.
Sexual Reproduction involves the fusion of two gametes, resulting in offspring that are a genetic mixture of both parents.
Fertilization the actual fusion of an egg and a sperm cell.
Diploid means that a cell has two copies of each chromosome: one copy from the mother, and one copy from the father.
Haploid means that a cell has one copy of each chromosome.
Meiosis a form of nuclear division that divides a diploid cell into haploid cells.
Gametogenesis is the production of gametes.
Sperm the male gamete, much smaller than the egg.
Egg the female gamete.
Polar Body other cells produced by mitosis become this, cells with little more than DNA that are eventually broken.
Biology Chapter 6 Terms and definitions ALL

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