Question Answer
nutrients substances in food that provide structural materials or energy
macronutrients nutrients required in large amounts ( water)
dehydration decrease below the bodies required water level, sweating is evaporation of water from skin
complex carbohydrates sugars that are composed of many subunits and arranged in branching chains
essential amnio acids any of the amnio acids that humans cannot synthesize and thus must be obtained from the diet
saturated fat type of lipid rich in single bonds
unsaturated fat carbon to carbon double bonds
polyunsaturated contains many unsaturated carbons
hydrogenation adding hydrogen has under pressure to make liquid oils more solid
micronutrients nutrient needed in small quantities
complete protein dietary protein that contains all the essential amnio acids
coenzymes molecules that help enzymes and speed up bodies chemical reactions
antioxidant certain vitamins and other substances that protect the body from the damaging effects of free radicals
cytosol semifluid portion of cytoplasm
cytoplasm the entire contents of a cell
semipermeable membrane that allows some substances to pass but prohibits passage of others
phospholipid bilayer membrane that surrounds cells and organelles and is composed of two layers
mitochondria energy producing organelles
bio chapter 3

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *