Term Definition
Upper Egypt The southern region of ancient Egypt, named so because it was located upriver with the Nile's flow.
Lower Egypt The northern region of Egypt located downriver in relation to the Nile River's flow.
cataracts strong rapids
delta a low triangular area where a river divides before entering a larger body of water
pharaoh the title of the ancient Egyptian kings
dynasty a series of rulers from the same family
Old Kingdom the period from about 2700 to 2200 BC in Egyptian history that began shortly after Egypt was unified
nobles people from rich and powerful families
afterlife life after death; later part of one's life
mummies specially treated bodies wrapped in cloth
elite people of wealth and power
pyramids Huge stone tombs with four triangle-shaped walls that met in a point on top
engineering the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes
Middle Kingdom a period of order and stability that lasted until about 1750 BC
New Kingdom the period during which Egypt reached the height of its power and glory
trade routes Waterways, paths, and trails that traders used to move goods for exchange from one place to another.
hieroglyphics An ancient Egyptian writing system in which pictures were used to represent ideas and sounds
papyrus A long-lasting, paper-like material made from reeds
Rosetta Stone a huge, stone slab inscribed with hieroglyphics
sphinxes imaginary creatures with the bodies of lions and the heads of other animals or humans
obelisk a tall, four-sided pillar that is pointed on top
Ancient Egypt cool beans

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *